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Calling on the Name of the Lord: Adonai

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God's name is very important. His name is holy, pure, and represents His character and love towards us. Yet I often hear prayers end in "amen" without mentioning even the phrase "in His name I pray", or "in name of Jesus I pray", or something similar. The Scripture is full of examples of men calling on the name of God in their prayers. Here are a few examples:
May God bless you all!
Abraham called on the
name
of the Lord (Genesis 12:8; 13:4).
The Lord proclaimed His own
name
before Moses (Exodus 33:19; 34:5).
Isreal was warned against profaning the
name
of the Lord
The
name
of the Lord was not to be taken in vain (Exodus 20:7;
The priests of Isreal were to minister in the
name
of the Lord
The
name
of God is called "wonderful" in Isaiah 9:6.
To call on the
name
of the Lord was to worship Him as God
(Leviticus 18:21; 22:2, 32).
Deuteronomy 5:11).
(Deuteronomy 18:5; 21:5).
(Genesis 21:33; 26:25).
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Until He returns:
So - what is His Name?
References
[computer software] . Franklin, TN: Equipping Ministries Foundation. (Original work published 1890)
Strong's Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries.
Strong, J.
Meyers, R. (2005). e-Sword.
In this series of articles, I want to explore the various names of the Lord. When we pray and call upon His name, it is good to know on whom we are calling. Does that mean that there are many gods? NO! It does mean that He has many names, and that each has been given to us so that we can pray more specifically and use one of the many characteristics that is embodied in our God. Let's examine our sixth name this month:
Adonai
Adonai
is from the Hebrew word (an unused root)
Adon
, meaning "lord" or "master" and
is used over 350 times in the Old Testament.
Adonai
means to rule; it means
sovereign, that is, controller (human or divine): - lord, master, owner (Strong's H136, H113). It is often used like
El
(see last month's article) by parents to name their children.
For example, in Judges 1:5 we see the name
Adonibezek
which is a compound name
Adonai
and
Behzek
which means lightning. Who names their kid "master of
lightning"? Find and compare other names beginning with "
Adoni
."
Adonai
" meant that the caller was to submit and be obedient, bringing honor to
the "Lord."
Adonai
stresses man's relationship to God as his master, authority, and
provider - here are some examples:
Genesis 18:1-5:
And the LORD appeared unto him [Abraham] in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day; And he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw
them
, he ran to meet them from the tent
door, and bowed himself toward the ground, And said, My Lord [
Adonai
], if now I
have found favor in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant: Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree: And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.
Genesis 40:1:
"And it came to pass after these things,
that
the butler of the king of
Egypt and
his
baker had offended their lord [
Adonai
] the king of Egypt." (Here we see
a human master being addressed as
Adonai
.)
Exodus 21:1-6:
Now these
are
the judgments which thou shalt set before them. If thou buy a
Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him. If his master [
Adonai
] have given him a wife,
and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's [
Adonai
], and he shall go out by himself. And if the servant shall plainly
say, I love my master [
Adonai
], my wife, and my children; I will not go out free:
Adonai
] shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him
to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an awl; and he shall serve him forever.
Joshua 5:13:
And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him,
Art
thou for us, or for our
adversaries? And he said, Nay; but
as
captain of the host of the LORD [
YHWH
]
am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord [
Adonai
] unto his servant?
1 Samuel 1:15:
"And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord [
Adonai
], I
am
woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD [
YHWH
]."
Psalm 8:1b:
"O LORD [
YHWH
], and Lord [
Adonai
], how excellent
is
thy name in
all the earth!"
Adonai
is used most often in Psalms, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel,
and Amos. A trip through the following verses would be most beneficial:
Psalm 8:1; Psalm 8:9; Psalm 12:4; Psalm 45:11; Psalm 97:5; Psalm 105:21; Psalm 110:1; Psalm 114:7; Psalm 123:2; Psalm 135:5; Psalm 136:3; Psalm 147:5
Proverbs 25:13; Proverbs 27:18; Proverbs 30:10
Isaiah 1:24; Isaiah 3:1; Isaiah 10:16; Isaiah 10:33; Isaiah 19:4; Isaiah 21:8; Isaiah 22:18; Isaiah 24:2; Isaiah 26:13; Isaiah 36:8; Isaiah 36:9; Isaiah 36:12; Isaiah 37:4; Isaiah 37:6; Isaiah 51:22
Jeremiah 22:18; Jeremiah 27:4; Jeremiah 34:5; Jeremiah 37:20; Jeremiah 38:9
Daniel 1:10; Daniel 10:16; Daniel 10:17; Daniel 10:19; Daniel 12:8
Psalm 38:15 is an example of a passage where three of the Hebrew names for God studied thus far appear together:
YHWH
,
Adonai
, and
Elohim
. David used all three in
speaking of the One he was petitioning: "For in thee, O LORD [
], do I hope:
YHWH
thou wilt hear, O Lord [
Adonai
] my God [
Elohim
]." Let's expand those three names:
"For in thee, O Self-Existent One, do I hope: thou wilt hear, O Master my Mighty God."
What can we conclude from our understanding of the word and use of
Adonai
?
God is the Ruler to whom everyone is subject
God is the one who is sovereign
God is the Master and man is the servant
Man's responsibility is to please the Master
Kurios
is the Greek word translated "Lord", and is found 748 times in 687 verses in the
New Testament. It is from the root,
kuros
, which means "power" or "might" (Zodhiates,
1992, #2962, p. 900). For people, it tells of one who has control, authority, mastery; it carries the concept of legality and ownership.
Kurios
is the one who is the possessor
and disposer of (property (Zodhiates, 1992, #2962, p. 900)), servants, contracts, etc., the master - the Lord (Thayer, G2962). In the New Testament
kurios
is used for God
(Luke 1:32; 2:9; Acts 5:19) and for Jesus (Romans 10:9; 1 Corinthians 12:3; Philippians 2:11; Revelations 19:16). Because God (the Father) and Jesus are both referred to as
kurios
, we can conclude the deity of Christ is affirmed. It is also translated
"master" as in Matthew 6:24, 15:27; and Mark 13:35. I like these verses:
Ephesians 6:9:
"And, ye masters [
kurios
], do the same things unto them, forbearing
threatening: knowing that your Master [
kurios
] also is in heaven; neither is there
respect of persons with him."
Colossians 4:1:
"Masters [
kurios
], give unto
your
servants that which is just and
equal; knowing that ye also have a Master [
kurios
] in heaven."
Romans 10:9:
"That if thou shalt confess with they mouth the Lord [
kurios
], Jesus, and
shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved."
Our Lord Jesus, our Master, is sovereign over all there is in the universe and in heaven which includes the angels, ourselves, and all else - He is in control. As we all learn to "call on the name of the Lord," let us remember that we serve a Master. He is all powerful, in total control, and our Lord!
like
Elohim
,
is a plural form and as the word suggests/denotes master and majesty. To call one "Lord -
Adonai
of
Then his master [
a
The Complete Word Study Dictionary: New Testament.
Zhodiates, Dr. S. (Ed.). (1992).
Chattanooga, TN: AMG Publishers.
,